Philip of Moscow

Remembrance Day Orthodox/Catholic: 9.  January

Name means: the horse friend (Greek)

Metropolitan of Moscow, martyr


* 1507 in Moscow in Russia
23 December 1569 in Tver in Russia

Antike original russische Ikone aus dem 19. Jahrhundert.


Philipp (baptismal name: Theodor Kolyshov) from a wealthy noble house probably began a military career. At the age of 30, however, he gave it up and entered the monastery on the Solovetsky Islands in the White Sea and received the religious name Philip. In 1547 he became abbot there; He also made a name for himself as a innovator in agriculture, he invented a new system of irrigation and drainage. In 1565 he was appointed Metropolitan of Moscow, at the same time he was Primate of the Russian Orthodox Church. When Tsar Ivan IV the Terrible committed a massacre of political suspects and innocent persons in 1567, Philip raised objections to him, which could not change his mind. A few months later, Philip openly confronted the Tsar in his presence at Mass: on this altar we offer a pure and bloodless sacrifice for the salvation of men. Outside this church, the blood of innocent Christians was shed. God rejects those who do not love their neighbor. I have to tell you that, even if I have to die for it. Ivan, however, did not stop with his deeds. With absurd accusations such as that of sorcery and corruption, Tsar Ivan pursued Philip’s impeachment. He was arrested, first imprisoned in various monasteries in Moscow, then taken to otroch monastery in Tver, where he was suffocated with a pillow two days before Christmas.


Joachim Schäfer: Article Philipp von Moskau, from the Ecumenical Dictionary of Saints –

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