Orthodox baptismal cross | 24935

Russian bronze cross

35 x 17.5 cm | 13.8 x 6.9 in

18th century

Antike original russische Ikone aus dem 19. Jahrhundert.


Material: bronze/brass/yellow metal with multicolored enamel.

At the top: God Father, the Holy Spirit and two angels.

In the middle: the crucified one with the sun and moon, which represent the entire cosmic system. Left of Crucified is the Holy Lance, with which Jesus was wounded at his side, and on the right the Pole topped by a hyssop sponge that was used to obtain vinegar.

Below: the city walls of Jerusalem, Golgotha and the skull of Adam.

Back: floral motif.

The Russian cross (also “Orthodox Cross” or “Byzantine Cross”) is a special form of the cross with two horizontal and one inclined cross arm: The top, short cross arm represents the titulus board (on which the inscription INRI could be read when Jesus was crucified). The middle, longer cross arm was intended for the attachment of the arms of a crucified person. The lower, inclined cross arm represents the suppedaneum (supporting footboard, footstep, footstool) on which the crucified were placed.

On the longer arm of the cross the inscription: “We venerate your cross, Lord, and we praise your Holy Resurrection”.

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