Orthodox Remembrance Day: 26 December

Catholic Remembrance Day: 1 January

Name means: the beleibte/the beautiful/the bitter/the beloved by God (Aramaic)

Mother of Jesus

Patroness: the priest, midwives, innkeepers, cooks; against thunderstorms and lightning; in all needs; against diseases in general

Attributes: with child, on crescent moon, on globe, 7 swords, star wreath, grapes, swallow


* around 22 BC in Jerusalem or in Nazareth in Israel† August 15, 48 in Jerusalem in Israel or in Ephesus

Antike original russische Ikone aus dem 19. Jahrhundert.


There is nothing in the Bible about Mary’s descent and youth; the family trees for Jesus in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke want to show Jesus’ descent from Joseph and thus from the family of David. Mary is only reported to be at home in Nazareth, engaged to Joseph and related to Elizabeth; presumably she came from a priestly family, since Elizabeth was married to the priest Zacharias. The source for Mary’s life is therefore not only the biblical Gospels, but above all apocryphal writings, especially the so-called Gospel of James.


Mary is considered an example of faith and a mediator and intercessor, so she is the one praised among all women (Luke 1:42).


Joachim Schäfer: Article Maria, from the Ecumenical Dictionary of Saints –

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