Remembrance Day orthodox: 17 September

Catholic Remembrance Day: 1 August

Name means: Love (Latin.)


* in Milan in Italy
around 130 in Rome

Antike original russische Ikone aus dem 19. Jahrhundert.


Legend has it that after the death of her wealthy husband, the Christian widow Sophia distributed her property to the poor and then left Milan. With the intention of suffering martyrdom, she went to Rome with her daughters Fides, Spes and Caritas. Accused under Emperor Hadrian, the daughters were executed after many tortures. Sophia was also beheaded after she buried the daughters on September 30 in the catacombs of Callistus. According to other directories of martyr sites, the four rested under Greek name on the Via Aurelia in the catacombs under today’s church of San Pancrazio; this is because, here is actually the grave of an – otherwise unknown – Sophia. The legend thus explains what Paul explains in the High Song of Love (1 Corinthians 13:12-13): in eternity I will fully know (Sophia, the wisdom) … But now there remains faith (Agenzia Fides), hope (Spes), love (Caritas), these three. The legend has no historical value whatsoever but has been translated into many languages and widely handed down. According to tradition, some of the relics were transferred to the convent of Eschau in Alsace in 778. From there, the cult has spread to Germany.


Joachim Schäfer: Article Caritas, from the Ecumenical Dictionary of Saints –

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