Artikelnummer:

33

Elias

Orthodox/Catholic Remembrance Day: 20 July

Name means: my God is the Lord (Yahweh) (Hebrew)

Prophet

Attributes: driving to heaven in a fiery chariot, angel or raven with bread

Patron: the planes and airships, the motorists, against thunderstorms and fire, against fever and smallpox

 

* around 912 BC in Thisbe, today el-Istib, 5 km north of ‘Ajlun in Jordan

after 850 BC east of Jericho in Palestine

 

Antike original russische Ikone aus dem 19. Jahrhundert.

Beschreibung

Elijah, apparently an assessor, a dispossessed (1 Kings 17:1, 3-6), became the greatest prophet in the northern kingdom of Israel. His concern was the exclusive worship of Yahweh. The accounts of him are recorded in the books 1 Kings 17 – 19 and 21 and 2 Kings 1 – 2. He worked in the time of King Ahab in the northern kingdom of Israel. Elijah was persecuted by King Ahab and his pagan wife Jezebel after his prophecy of a drought, had to flee and was miraculously fed in the desert by ravens and a widow in Zarefat – today’s Zeftâ in Lebanon (1 Kings 17:9-16). In the great competition on Mount Carmel, he killed 450 Baals priests, whereupon the long-awaited rain finally fell, Elijah thus proved the power of Yahweh and strengthened the endangered faith of the people (1 Kings 18).  Elijah is often compared to Moses, he was one of the most popular figures of the Old Testament. His return is eagerly awaited in Judaism, it signifies the dawn of the Messianic time (Prophet Malachi 3:23- 24), Elijah is considered an invisible participant in the Passover and in the circumcision rites, as an intercessor and emergency helper.

 

Joachim Schäfer: Article Elijah, from the Ecumenical Dictionary of Saints: https://www.heiligenlexikon.de/BiographienE/Elia.htm

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