Artikelnummer:

69

Constantine "the Great"

Orthodox/Catholic Remembrance Day: 21 May

Name means: the Persistent (Latin.)

Emperor of the Roman Empire

 

* c. 285 in Naissus, today Niš in Serbien
22 May 337 in Ankyron, today the district agah Ateş in Hereke near Ízmit in Turkey

Antike original russische Ikone aus dem 19. Jahrhundert.

Beschreibung

Constantine was the son of the commander and later emperor Konstantius I and his concubine Helena. In 293 he came to the court of Emperor Diocletian in Nicomedia – today’s Ízmit in Turkey, where he was held hostage to ensure balance among the three Roman rulers. In 305 he fled to his father, who died in 306 in a battle against the Picts in Eboracum – today’s York in England. The 33-year-old Constantine was proclaimed emperor by the troops and became co-ruler in the west of the Roman Empire alongside Severus II, received the title Caesar and resided in Gaul. In 307 he married Fausta, the daughter of Emperor Maximinianus.

 

Constantine gave the Christian bishops judicial powers and in 321 established Sunday as the weekly holiday. In 325, Christianity was equated with the Roman religion, all restrictive laws and ordinances were repealed, churches and cemeteries were refunded. In the same year, Constantine convened the Council of Nicaea, which set the course for Christianity.

 

Joachim Schäfer: Article Constantine “the Great”, from the Ecumenical Dictionary of Saints – https://www.heiligenlexikon.de/BiographienK/Konstantin_der_Grosse.htm

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