The depiction of Christ Pantocrator, the “ruler of all or worlds”, is considered the archetype of all icons. Through the Incarnation, Christ Himself is the Word and the Image, the Word of Unspeakable Mysteries, and the Image of the Invisible God. At the Council of Nicaea in 325, it was affirmed that Christ is the visible and perfect image of the Father. The image of the Pantocrator becomes a symbol of the iconoclasm in the Byzantine church. John of Damascus, among others, defended the account. In the Western Church, there is a similar motif, more reminiscent of secular rulers, the Majestas Domini (“Glory of the Lord”).
The undergarment (chiton) is often red or gold, the overgarment (himation) usually blue or rarely green (divine colors: red/white/gold, earthly colors: blue/green/brown).
On the icon Christ is depicted blessing, with the open Gospel: “Come to me, all you who are laborious and burdened; I will refresh you…” (Mt 11:28).