Patroness: of girls, virgins, nuns, those willing to marry and wives; philosophers, theologians and scholars, teachers and students, librarians, lawyers, notaries, shoemakers, hairdressers, migraines, headaches, tongue diseases and speech impairments; for the detection of drowned people
Attribute: broken wheel, book, sword, crown
* in Cyprus † around 307 in Alexandria in Egypt
Antike original russische Ikone aus dem 19. Jahrhundert.
Catherine is a legendary figure; she was only worshipped from the 8th century. In their form, the fate and characteristics of the pagan scholars Hypatia, who had been killed by Cyril of Alexandria in 415, unite. First, the story of suffering arose, which was widely spread; Starting from it, further decoration took place and in the 12th to 15th centuries growing legends. According to legend, Catherine was the daughter of King Costus of Cyprus. When the emperor’s son wanted to marry the beautiful, highly educated and immeasurably rich woman, she saw in a mirror that the applicant did not correspond to her in nobility, beauty, wealth and wisdom. She also proudly rejected other men. A hermit pointed them to Jesus Christ as the right bridegroom. She was baptized and experienced in a vision how the baby Jesus put the engagement ring on her finger.
Joachim Schäfer: Article Katharina von Alexandria, aus dem Ökumenischen Heiligenlexikon – https://www.heiligenlexikon.de/BiographienK/Katharina_von_Alexandria.htm