Orthodox Remembrance Day: 4 December, 11 July

Name means: the stranger (Greek)

Martyr, emergency helper

Attributes: Tower with three windows, chalice and host, cannon tube, torch

 Patroness: of mining, towers, fortifications and artillery, miners, geologists, architects, masons, stonecutters, carpenters, roofers, electricians, farmers, butchers, cooks, firefighters, gravediggers, hatchers, weapon smiths, blast masters, booksellers, goldsmiths, blast masters and saltpeter boilers, girls, prisoners, dying, for a good death


* End of the 3rd century in Nicomedia, today Ízmit (Turkey) or: in Heliopolis, today Baʿlbak in Lebanon

306 in Nicomedia in Turkey

Antike original russische Ikone aus dem 19. Jahrhundert.


Barbara was perhaps a martyr under Emperor Gaius Galerius Valerius Maximinus, called Daja. The legends tell in detail about Barbara’s beauty and her sharp mind. One day she asked her parents if the gods were human beings and why they worship them and not an immortal deity. In a letter, she addressed her questions to Origen, who was named to her as the most learned sage of Alexandria. Through the priest Valentinus, he sent her the answer. Barbara referred to the visitor as a doctor so that her father would allow the visit, Valentinus taught and baptized her. As one of the 14 emergency helpers, Barbara is called upon specially to protect herself from sudden death and to assist the dying, her prayer for the forgiveness of sins for all Christians has been confirmed by a voice from heaven.


Joachim Schäfer: Article Barbara, from the Ecumenical Dictionary of Saints:

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