The Archangel Jeremiel is one of the angels who surround the divine throne. Its name comes from Hebrew and means “grace of God” or “whom God lifts up.”. In the Deuterocanan book 2 Esdras, also known as 4 Ezra, which came to us in Latin and appears as an appendix to the Vulgate, as well as canonically in the Russian and Ethiopian biblical canon. In chapter 4, verse 36, reference is made to Jeremiel (in Latin Ieremihel), which does not appear in all manuscripts. Other versions have Remihel, Oriel or Uriel. In this passage, the angel or angels (Uriel is also there) answers Ezra’s many questions about heaven and hell.
Jeremiel (under one of his name changes: Eremiel, Remiel, Remihel, etc.) had a very grumpy yet comforting duty in the pre-Christian eras. He was placed in Abrahamic tradition over Sheol (the underworld), especially over the “Bosom of Abraham”, a region of the underworld whose concept is almost identical to the Greek idea of Elysium. Here Jeremiel was responsible for appeasing the righteous souls who were waiting for the Lord who dwelt there. In the post-Christian world, Jeremiel’s duty developed and is paired with St. Simon Peter as the gatekeeper of heaven. In both cases, Jeremiel watches over the deceased deceased and leads him on his journey after death. There are generally seven archangels worshipped by Orthodox Christians: Michael, Gabriel, Raphael, Uriel, Selathiel, Jegudiel, and Barachiel. But sometimes they also add an eighth to this number, Jeremiel. In Orthodox iconography, he is depicted with scales.
Wikipedia contributors. Jerahmeel (archangel). Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jerahmeel_(archangel)&oldid=932862221