Artikelnummer:

7

Andreas

Orthodox/Catholic Remembrance Day: 30 November

Name means: the manly (Greek)

Apostle, Bishop of Patras, Martyr

Attributes: discalced, with fish, knitwear and (since the 14th/15th century) the X-shaped cross

Patron: of Russia, Lower Austria, the Orthodox Churches, fishermen and fishmongers, miners, butchers, for marriage mediation, marital happiness and child blessing, against gout, sore throat, convulsions and red run (St. Andrew’s disease).

 

* in Bethsaida, today the hill Et-Tell near Ad Dardara in Syria, or in Capernaum, today abandoned place on the Sea of Galilee in Israel

30 November 60 in Patras in Greece

Antike original russische Ikone aus dem 19. Jahrhundert.

Beschreibung

Andrew was the brother of Simon Peter, like him a fisherman by profession (Gospel of Mark 1:16) and was the first whom Jesus called as his disciple, previously he was a follower of John the Baptist (Gospel of John 1:35-40). In the circle of the twelve disciples, he is mentioned in different places in the order of precedence. According to the Gospel of Mark (13:3), he was one of only four disciples to whom Jesus gave a discourse about the end times. When feeding the 5,000 according to the Gospel of John, he pointed to the boy with the loaves and fish (6:8f). According to the Gospel of John 12:22, he was, along with Philip, the advocate for Greeks who wanted to see Jesus, so he seems to have a good knowledge of Greek. He was present at the Lord’s Supper in Jerusalem, at the Ascension and at Pentecost, otherwise he is not specifically mentioned. After Pentecost, he may have formed a missionary couple with his brother Peter.

 

Joachim Schäfer: Article Andreas, from the Ecumenical Dictionary of Saints: https://www.heiligenlexikon.de/BiographienA/Andreas.htm

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